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Breast Cancer Prediction for Improved Diagnosis
medical

Breast Cancer Prediction for Improved Diagnosis

Breast cancer prediction is a diagnosis tool. Oncologists and medical staff face the challenge of identifying breast cancer as early as possible. An early diagnosis increases the survival chances. TADA helps them diagnose malignant tumors quicker.

Industry

Healthcare

Project Duration and Effort

One week

Customer Benefits

  • 97% accuracy in identifying cancer-causing cell nuclei with TADA versus 79% by clinicians.
  • No need to be an experienced physician, substantial accuracy available for senior and junior physicians alike.
  • Speed, once the tool is in place, TADA’s analysis takes a few minutes.
  • TADA improves early cancer detection by 18%.

Problem to solve

Breast cancer is one of the most common cancer today in women. A breast mass in patients means a tumor. It does not necessarily imply a malignant one. Hence, American oncologists perform a fine needle aspirate (FNA) on the cancer patient. 

Then, they examine the resulting cells and extract the cells nuclei features. The most critical step is this feature extraction. 

The goal is to select elements of this image that one can measure for further computational analysis. And at the same time, the measures should be representative of cancer severity. We aim to use elements of the image measured as either a diagnostic or a prognostic indicator. It includes tumor malignancy and a related survival rate. 

The typical features extracted are: 

  1. radius
  2. texture
  3. perimeter
  4.  area
  5. smoothness 
  6. compactness 
  7. concavity (severity of concave portions of the contour)
  8. concave points (number of concave portions of the contour)
  9. symmetry
  10. fractal dimension.

The diagnosis of cancer has been mostly dependent on the traditional approaches, using trained professionals’ expertise. However, a senior trained professional is not always available. 

TADA’s Machine Learning approach can help automate, in part, the cancer risk prediction. Thus senior and junior professionals alike get access to the same analyzed data from cancer patients. They can provide a better, quicker diagnosis, hence improving survival rates.

Objectives

  • Make the distinction between benign and malignant tumors after an FNA rapidly.
  • Support, improve and reassure oncologists in their diagnoses.
  • Improve the accuracy of breast cancer prediction.

 

It poses the following oncology question:

Can cancer prediction distinguish malignant from benign tumors? 

Solution

Breast cancer model

The TADA predictive models’ results reach a 97% accuracy based on real data for breast cancer prediction. Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women, accounting for 25% of all cancer cases worldwide. It affects 2.1 million people yearly. Early diagnosis through breast cancer prediction significantly increases the chances of survival. 

Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNA) is a biopsy that produces fast, reliable, and economic evaluation of tumor lesions. It is a minimally invasive scheme that utilizes a fine needle to aspirate tissue from mass lesions. It expedites the sequence between the diagnostic and the beginning of therapy for breast cancer. 

FNA is ideally conducted by an expert medical biologist who can follow with prompt microscopic examination. Research indicates that the most experienced physicians can diagnose breast cancer using FNA with a 79% accuracy. 

TADA has selected the following five main criteria out of the ten available in the dataset. They approximately bear the same weight in the decision to identify breast cancer:

  • the number of concave points around the contour
  • the radius
  • the compactness
  • the texture
  • the fractal dimensions of the tumor 
model overview

An 18% improvement in breast cancer predictions happens through TADA (from 79% to 97%). The artificial intelligence tool distinguishes benign from malignant tumors. It can also help the oncologist understand how each element measured impacts the diagnosis. For instance, it can prove the relationship between the tumor’s overall dimension and breast cancer chances. v

Customer Benefits

In one week, oncologists gained significant support in their cancer diagnosis and their fight against breast cancer by:

  • Making the difference between benign and malignant cancer quickly.
  • Diagnosing malignant cancers with a 97% accuracy.
  • Obtain an immediate “what-if” analysis linking the tumor’s characteristics and cancer.
what if analysis for the model